Sources Referenced: Threats to Our Democracy, July 2021

The following is sources referenced for LADs July 2021 presentation, “Threats to Democracy and How We Can Protect It”

  1. Albright, Madeline.  Fascism, A Warning, [a book talk at a Politics and Prose bookstore], April 16, 2018, , (length-1:05:48) 
  2. Amanpour and Company, [Michel Martin speaks to the study’s principal investigator, Professor Robert Pape], A New Study Shows Us the Single Biggest Motivation for the Jan. 6 Rioters, May 6, 2021, , (length-17:45 min.) 
  3. Anne Applebaum (Interview), WAMU 88.5 FM, — 7/24/2020,  (We’re talking to Anne Applebaum about the rise of authoritarian leaders and those who enable them…), , (length-34:16 min.) 
  4. Applebaum, Anne.  The Atlantic, July 2020, History will Judge the Complicit:  Why have Republican leaders abandoned their principals in support of an immoral and dangerous president?,
  5. Applebaum, Anne. Amanpour & Co, History Will Judge the Complicit, June 5, 2020, ,( length-0:02:45 min.) 
  6. Applebaum, Anne.  Twilight of Democracy: The Seductive Lure of Authoritarianism.  (new book),, (length-09:31 min.) 
  7. Applebaum, Anne.  Twilight of Democracy: The Seductive Lure of Authoritarianism, ThePrint online news source, December 10, 2019, , [an excerpt:  “By now, we know the pattern: A constitutional democracy, flawed but in reasonably good standing, is hit by a transformative election. A charismatic new leader comes to power, propelled by the growing impatience that the electorate feels with things as they are. The leader promises to sweep away the dysfunctions of partisanship, gridlock, bureaucracy. He claims to call things by their right names and to speak the unspeakable. He rails against entrenched power, entrenched people, entrenched structure. He rallies the people by assuring them that the state belongs to them, only them. He wins an upset victory over the establishment forces and starts a constitutional revolution.  Around the world, liberal constitutionalism is taking a hit from charismatic leaders like these whose signature promise is to not play by the old rules.”] 
  8. Babiracki, Patryk, Inference (online news source), [letter to the editor about Historian, Pawel Machcewicz’s, review of Timothy Snyder’s book, The Road to Unfreedom: Russia, Europe, America, (regarding the return of autocratic politics in the West)], July 2019, Vol.4 No 4,
  9. Ben-Ghiat, Ruth, Strongmen: Mussolini to the Present — A Discussion with Historian Ruth Ben-Ghiat, Center for International & Area Studies, Feb 17, 2021
    This conversation with historian Ruth Ben-Ghiat about her book Strongmen: Mussolini to the Present was presented by Northwestern University’s Center for International & Area Studies and the Evanston Public Library on February 15, 2021.
  10. The Boston Globe, Future-proofing the Presidency, a six part series, , [In this series, the Globe editorial board outlines the key presidential reforms that would prevent a future authoritarian president — perhaps a more competent one than Trump — from abusing their power and subverting our democracy. Just because President Biden has restored a semblance of normalcy to the White House, Americans should not be lulled into inaction. Our government survived a scrape with authoritarian corruption. Next time, we might not be so lucky.] 
  11. Gessen, Masha. , A Conversation with Masha Gessen and Dr. John Brenkman, Wasserman Jewish Studies Center and the Department of English, Baruch College Weissman School of Arts & Sciences  June 4, 2021, with Jessica Lang, , (length-1:00:14) 
  12. Gessen, Masha.  The Future is History, [book talk at Politics & Prose book store with Susan Glasser], October 26, 2017, , (length-1:06:09 min.), [difference between authoritarianism and totalitarianism, (minute marks, 17:16 – 19:31)] 
  13. Gessen, Masha.  The GOP Has Turned Into an Autocratic Party | Amanpour and Company, November 11, 2020, , (length-17:41 min.), (Two clips from LAD presentation on July 7th, 2021-“Autocratic Takeover explanation”, , minute marks 0:30 – 2:17  (length 01:17 min.)  and explaining “the Vertical” Trump was attempting to create, minute marks 4:03 – 4:52, (length-00:49 min.) 
  14. Gessen, Masha.  Surviving Autocracy, with Anand Giridharadas, March 4, 2021, , (length-1:19:38) 
  15. Gessen, Masha.  Surviving Autocracy; Commonwealth Club of California, with Andrea Bernstein,  June 22, 2020, , (length-1:00:24) 
  16. Gessen, Masha.  Surviving Autocracy, (with Dahlia Lithwick), June 4, 2020, , (length-58:38 min) 
  17. Gessen, Masha, Surviving Autocracy: Part 2: Fight Politics of the Past with Potent Politics of the Future, Democracy Now! with Amy Goodman, June 16, 2021, , (length-19:46 min.), [the story of Hungary & what happened vs. here in the US during the Trump era, (minute marks 1:54 – 5:54, 4 min)] 
  18. Gessen, Masha and Timothy Snyder.  A Republic, If You Can Keep It: Masha Gessen Talks Autocracy with Timothy Snyder, , (length-1:07:13) 
  19. Klepper, Jordan. The Daily Show, March 22, 2020, Jordan Klepper vs. Trump Supporters | The Daily Show , interviews with Trump supporters at a Trump rally, 
  20. Levitsky, Steven & Daniel Ziblatt.  How Democracies Die, 2018, Crown Publishing Group, NY 
  21. Magyar, Bálint.  Autocracy in Action: Hungary Under Orbán, Bálint Magyar• Autocracy in Action , [a Masha Gesson Hungarian mentor, referred to in many of her talks especially when defining the Three Stages of Autocracy] 
  22. The Quarantine Tapes Podcast with Paul Holdengraber, Colonel Lawrence Wilkerson on Why We Need to Engage in Patriotic Dissent, July 7, 2020, , [Amongst other positions  Colonel Wilkerson was Chief of Staff to Colin Powell.  He is a total DC insider and retired US Army.  He really gives a dire warning here. Listen to the podcast.] 
  23. Richardson, Heather Cox.  Blog post excerpt, April 27,2021, , (Heather Cox Richardson refers to a quote by Secretary of State, Antony Blinken in his first major speech.) 
  24. Rucker, Philip and Robert Costa, 2017, Banon vows a daily fight for ‘deconstruction of the administrative state’, Washington Post, February 23, 2017,] 
  25. Serwer, Adam. 2021, ‘The Capitol Rioters Won’, The Atlantic Magazine, June 3, 2021, [article talks about the view point of the Republicans regarding January 6, 2021 and how the Democrats cannot be allowed to govern because the people they represent are illegitimate…”] 
  26. Snyder, Timothy.  Has the threat of Trump really gone?, January 8, 2021, , (length-40:04 min.) 
  27. Snyder, Timothy.  New York Times Magazine, The American Abyss: A historian of fascism and political atrocity on Trump, the mob and what comes next, January 17, 2021,
  28. Snyder, Timothy.  On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons From The 20th Century, March 14, 2017, , (length-1:22:16) 
  29. Snyder, Timothy.  The State of Our Democracy, Feb. 19, 2021, Bowdoin College, , (length-1:23:30) 
  30. Stanley, Jason.  How Fascism Works, Williams College – focuses on blacks in the 90’s; black reconstruction; October 8, 2019, , (length-1:25:00) 
  31. Stanley, Jason.  How Fascism Works: The Politics of Us and Them, Claremont McKenna College     November 12, 2018, , (length-1:15:47) 
  32. Stanley, Jason.  How Fascism Works: A Warning for the U.S. | Amanpour and Company, July 23, 2020, , (length-17:44 min.) 
  33. Steves, Rick.  The Story of Fascism, March 4, 2019, , (length-56:19 min.), [clip featured in LAD July 7, 2021 presentation is minute marks, 51:06 to 54:50, (length-03:44 min.)] 
  34. UBC Phil Lind Initiative Presents: Timothy Snyder, March 11, 2021, [note as of July, 2021, this video now seems to have been “made private” and is no longer available.] , (length-1:28:24)